Dr. Thomas B. McCord
Director, Bear Fight Institute


Dr. McCord's affiliations include:

  • The Bear Fight Institute: Director and Senior Scientist
  • University of Hawaii: Emeritus Professor
  • University of Washington: Affiliate Professor
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratories: Distinguished Visiting Scientist

Research Activities

  • Physics of the Earth and Planets and exploration of the Solar System
  • Planning and conduction of spacecraft deep space observations
  • Science and application of remote sensing from ground, air and space
  • Processing and analysis of image, spectral and other data bases
  • Education and training of graduate students and young and perspective scientists

Current Emphases

  • Surface composition of solid objects utilizing reflectance spectra from spacecraft
  • Formation and behavior of water and OH on the moon, Vesta and other airless bodies
  • Origin and evolution of Ceres, Vesta and the protoplanets as revealed by the DAWN and other missions

Dr. McCord is a Co-Investigator or Team Member on each of the following NASA missions, involved with imaging spectrometers and multispectral imaging systems. He also is active in conceiving and developing new space missions.

  • Cassini-Huygens: a mission to orbit the Saturn system
  • Mars Express: a mission to orbit Mars
  • Rosetta: a mission to rendezvous with a comet
  • DAWN: a mission to orbit both Vesta and Ceres
  • Chandrayaan-1: a mission to orbit the moon

Recent First Authored Articles in Reviewed Professional Journals

McCord, T. B., J.-Y. Li, J.-P. Combe, H. McSween, R. Jaumann, V. Reddy, F. Tosi, D. A. Williams, D. T. Blewett, D. Turrini, E. Palomba, C. M. Pieters, M. C. De Sanctis, E. Ammannito, M. T. Capria, L. Le Corre, A. Longobardo, A. Nathues, D. W. Mittlefehldt, S. Schroder, H. Hiesinger, A. W. Beck, F. Capaccioni, U. Carsenty, H. U. Keller, B. W. Denevi, J. M. Sunshine, C. A. Raymond, C. T. Russel, and The Dawn Team (2012), Dark Material on Vesta from Infall of Carbonaceous Volatile-Rich Material, Nature, 491, 83-86, DOI: 10.1038/nature11561.

McCord, T. B., and J. C. Castillo-Rogez (2011), Studying Silicate-Ice Bodies in the Solar System, EOS Trans. AGU, 92 (8), 66, DOI: 10.1029/2011EO080015.

McCord, T. B., J. C. Castillo-Rogez, and A. S. Rivkin (2011), Ceres: Its Origin, Evolution and Structure and Dawn's Potential Contribution, Space Science Reviews, 163 (1-4), 63-76, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-010-9729-9.

McCord, T. B., L. A. Taylor, J.-P. Combe, G. Y. Kramer, C. M. Pieters, J. M. Sunshine, and R. N. Clark (2011), Sources and physical processes responsible for OH/H2O in the lunar soil as revealed by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3), Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, E00G05, DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003711.

McCord, T. B. (2010), A Very Short History of Reflectance Spectroscopy for Solar System Exploration: An Old Man's Recollection, paper presented in Proceedings of ASD and IEEE GRS; Art, Science and Applications of Reflectance Spectroscopy, Boulder, CO, February 23-25, 2010, 15pp.

McCord, T. B., G. B. Hansen, J.-P. Combe, and P. Hayne (2010), Hydrated Minerals on Europa's Surface: A Second look from the Galileo NIMS Investigation, Icarus, 209(2), 639-650, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2010.05.026.

McCord, T. B., G. B. Hansen, J.-P. Combe, and P. O. Hayne (2010), Hydrated minerals on Europa's surface: An improved look from the Galileo NIMS investigation, Icarus, 209 (2), 639-650, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2010.05.026.

McCord, T. B., G. B. Hansen, J.-P. Combe, and P. O. Hayne (2009), Europa's surface composition from re-processed Galileo NIMS data, Icarus, in press.

McCord, T. B., P. O. Hayne, J.-P. Combe, G. B. Hansen, J. W. Barnes, S. Rodriguez, S. Le Mouélic, E. K. H. Baines, B. J. Buratti, C. Sotin, P. Nicholson, R. Jaumann, R. Nelson, and The Cassini Vims Team (2008), Titan's surface: Search for spectral diversity and composition using the Cassini VIMS investigation, Icarus, 194 (1), 212-242, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.039.

McCord, T. B., J. B. Adams, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Combe, A. R. Gillespie, G. B. Hansen, H. Hoffmann, R. Jaumann, G. Neukum, P. Pinet, F. Poulet, K. Stephan, and The HRSC Co-Investigator Team (2007), The Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera spectrophotometric data: Characteristics and science analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 112, E06004, DOI: 10.1029/2006JE002769.

McCord, T. B., G. B. Hansen, B. J. Buratti, R. N. Clark, D. P. Cruikshank, E. D'Aversa, C. A. Griffith, E. H. Baines, R. H. Brown, C. M. Dalle Ore, G. Filacchione, V. Formisano, C. A. Hibbitts, R. Jaumann, J. I. Lunine, R. M. Nelson, C. Sotin, and The Cassini VIMS Team (2006), Composition of Titan's surface from Cassini VIMS, Planetary and Space Science, 54 (15), 1524-1539, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2006.06.007.

McCord, T. B., L. McFadden, C. T. Russel, C. Sotin, and P. C. Thomas (2006), Ceres, Vesta, and Pallas: Protoplanets, Not Asteroids, EOS Trans. AGU, 87 (10), 105,109, DOI: DOI: 10.1029/2006EO100002.

McCord, T. B., and C. Sotin (2005), Ceres: Evolution and current state, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 110 (E05009), DOI: 10.1029/2004JE002244.

McCord, T. B., A. Coradini, C. A. Hibbitts, F. Capaccioni, G. B. Hansen, G. Filacchione, R. N. Clark, P. Cerroni, R. H. Brown, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, B. J. Buratti, E. Bussoletti, M. Combes, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, and C. Sotin (2004), Cassini VIMS observations of the Galilean satellites including the VIMS calibration procedure, Icarus, 172 (1), 104-126, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2004.07.001.

McCord, T. B., G. R. Teeter, G. B. Hansen, M. T. Sieger, and T. M. Orlando (2002), Brines exposed to Europa surface conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 107 (5004), DOI: 10.1029/2000JE001453

McCord, T. B., G. B. Hansen, and C. A. Hibbitts (2001), Hydrated salt minerals on Ganymede's surface: Evidence of an ocean below, Science, 292 (5521), 1523-1525, DOI: 10.1126/science.1059916.

McCord, T. B., T. M. Orlando, G. R. Teeter, G. B. Hansen, M. T. Sieger, N. G. Petrik, and L. Van Keulen (2001), Thermal and radiation stability of the hydrated salt minerals epsomite, mirabilite, and natron under Europa environmental conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 106 (E2), 3311-3319, DOI: 10.1029/2000JE001282.

McCord, T. B. (2000), Surface composition reveals icy Galilean satellites' past, EOS Trans. AGU, 81 (19), 209, DOI: 10.1029/00EO00141.

Other Recent Articles in Reviewed Professional Journals

Turrini, D., J. P. Combe, T. B. McCord, N. Oklay, J. B. Vincent, T. H. Prettyman, H. Y. McSween, G. J. Consolmagno, M. C. DeSanctis, L. Le Corre, A. Longobardo, E. Palomba, and C. T. Russell (2014), The Contamination Of The Surface Of Vesta By Impacts And The Delivery Of The Dark Material, eprint arXiv:1401.6152.

Ammannito, E., M. C. Sanctis, F. Capaccioni, M. Teresa Capria, F. Carraro, J.-P. Combe, S. Fonte, A. Frigeri, S. P. Joy, A. Longobardo, G. Magni, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, H. Y. McSween, E. Palomba, C. M. Pieters, C. A. Polanskey, C. A. Raymond, J. M. Sunshine, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, and C. T. Russell (2013), Vestan lithologies mapped by the visual and infrared spectrometer on Dawn, Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 401, DOI: 10.1111/maps.12192.

Barnes, J. W., B. J. Buratti, E. P. Turtle, J. Bow, P. A. Dalba, J. Perry, R. H. Brown, S. Rodriguez, S. L. Mouelic, K. H. Baines, C. Sotin, R. D. Lorenz, M. J. Malaska, T. B. McCord, R. N. Clark, R. Jaumann, P. O. Hayne, P. D. Nicholson, J. M. Soderblom, and L. A. Soderblom (2013), Precipitation-Induced Surface Brightenings Seen On Titan By Cassini VIMS And ISS, Planetary Science, 2 (1), 1-22, DOI: 10.1186/2191-2521-2-1.

Buratti, B. J., P. A. Dalba, M. D. Hicks, V. Reddy, M. V. Sykes, T. B. McCord, D. P. O'Brien, C. M. Pieters, T. H. Prettyman, L. A. McFadden, A. Nathues, L. Le Corre, S. Marchi, C. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2013), Vesta, Vestoids, and the HED Meteorites: Interconnections and Differences Based on Dawn Framing Camera Observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118 (10), 1991-2003, DOI: 10.1002/jgre.20152.

DeSanctis, M. C., E. Ammannito, M. T. Capria, F. Capaccioni, J.-P. Combe, A. Frigeri, A. Longobardo, G. Magni, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, E. Palomba, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, F. Carraro, S. Fonte, Y. J. Li, L. A. McFadden, D. W. Mittlefehldt, C. M. Pieters, R. Jaumann, K. Stephan, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2013), Vesta's Mineralogical Composition as Revealed by the Visible and Infrared Spectrometer on Dawn, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 48 (11), 2166-2184, DOI: 10.1111/maps.12138.

McSween, H. Y., R. P. Binzel, M. C. De Sanctis, E. Ammannito, T. H. Prettyman, A. W. Beck, V. Reddy, L. Corre, M. J. Gaffey, T. B. McCord, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2013), Dawn; the Vesta-HED connection; and the Geologic Context for Eucrites, Deogenites, and Howardites, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 48 (11), 2090-2104, DOI: 10.1111/maps.12108.

Russell, C. T., C. A. Raymond, R. Jaumann, H. Y. McSween, M. C. Sanctis, A. Nathues, T. H. Prettyman, E. Ammannito, V. Reddy, F. Preusker, D. P. O'Brien, S. Marchi, B. W. Denevi, D. L. Buczkowski, C. M. Pieters, T. B. McCord, J.-Y. Li, D. W. Mittlefehldt, J.-P. Combe, D. A. Williams, H. Hiesinger, R. A. Yingst, C. A. Polanskey, and S. P. Joy (2013), Dawn completes its mission at 4 Vesta, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 326, DOI: 10.1111/maps.12091.

Sanctis, M. C., E. Ammannito, M. T. Capria, F. Capaccioni, J.-P. Combe, A. Frigeri, A. Longobardo, G. Magni, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, E. Palomba, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, F. Carraro, S. Fonte, Y. J. Li, L. A. McFadden, D. W. Mittlefehldt, C. M. Pieters, R. Jaumann, K. Stephan, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2013), Vesta's mineralogical composition as revealed by the visible and infrared spectrometer on Dawn, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 369, DOI: 10.1111/maps.12138.

Ammannito, E., M. C. De Sanctis, S. Fonte, G. Magni, F. Capaccioni, F. Carraro, M. T. Capria, M. Farina, A. Frigeri, S. Marchi, E. Palomba, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, D. Blewett, J. P. Combe, T. B. McCord, D. W. Mittlefehldt, H. Y. McSween, C. M. Pieters, J. M. Sunshine, T. N. Titus, M. Toplis, S. P. Joy, C. A. Polanskey, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2012), Vesta and the HED Meteorites: Comparison of Spectral Properties, LPI Contributions, 1667, 6326.

Barnes, J. W., B. J. Buratti, E. P. Turtle, J. Bow, P. A. Dalba, J. Perry, R. H. Brown, S. Rodriguez, S. LeMouelic, K. H. Baines, C. Sotin, R. D. Lorenz, M. J. Malaska, T. B. McCord, R. N. Clark, R. Jaumann, P. Hayne, P. D. Nicholson, J. M. Soderblom, and L. A. Soderblom (2012), VIMS Near-Infrared Imaging and Spectra of Precipitation-Associated Surface Changes, paper presented in Titan Through Time; Unlocking Titan's Past, Present and Future, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, April 3-5, 2012, p. 51.

De Sanctis, M. C., E. Ammannito, M. T. Capria, F. Tosi, F. Capaccioni, F. Zambon, F. Carraro, S. Fonte, A. Frigeri, R. Jaumann, G. Magni, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, H. Y. McSween, D. W. Mittlefehldt, A. Nathues, E. Palomba, C. M. Pieters, C. A. Raymond, C. T. Russell, M. J. Toplis, and D. Turrini (2012), Spectroscopic Characterization of Mineralogy and Its Diversity Across Vesta, Science, 336 (6082), 697-700, DOI: 10.1126/science.1219270.

De Sanctis, M. C., J.-P. Combe, E. Ammannito, E. Palomba, A. Longobardo, T. B. McCord, S. Marchi, F. Capaccioni, M. T. Capria, D. W. Mittlefehldt, C. M. Pieters, J. Sunshine, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, F. Carraro, S. Fonte, A. Frigeri, G. Magni, C. A. Raymond, C. T. Russell, and D. Turrini (2012), Detection of Widespread Hydrated Materials on Vesta by the VIR Imaging Spectrometer on board the Dawn Mission, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 758, L36.

Filacchione, G., F. Capaccioni, M. Ciarniello, R. N. Clark, J. N. Cuzzi, P. D. Nicholson, D. P. Cruikshank, M. M. Hedman, B. J. Buratti, J. I. Lunine, L. A. Soderblom, F. Tosi, P. Cerroni, R. H. Brown, T. B. McCord, R. Jaumann, K. Stephan, K. H. Baines, and E. Flamini (2012), Saturn's icy satellites and rings investigated by Cassini-VIMS: III - Radial compositional variability, Icarus, 220 (2), 1064-1096, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.06.040.

Jaumann, R., S. Mottola, C. M. Pieters, C. T. Russell, C. A. Raymond, R. A. Yingst, D. A. Williams, P. Schenk, D. L. Buczkowski, B. Denevi, G. Neukum, D. P. O'Brien, W. G. Garry, D. Blewett, T. Roatsch, F. Preusker, K. Krohn, K. Stephan, U. Carsenty, A. Nathues, M. V. Sykes, M. C. De Sanctis, H. Y. McSween, H. U. Keller, N. Schmedemann, H. Hiesinger, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, M. T. Zuber, and H. Sierks (2012), Mapping Vesta: A Geological Overview, LPI Contributions, 1667, 6124.

Jaumann, R., D. A. Williams, D. L. Buczkowski, R. A. Yingst, F. Preusker, H. Hiesinger, N. Schmedemann, T. Kneissl, J. B. Vincent, D. T. Blewett, B. J. Buratti, U. Carsenty, B. W. Denevi, M. C. De Sanctis, W. B. Garry, H. U. Keller, E. Kersten, K. Krohn, J.-Y. Li, S. Marchi, K. D. Matz, T. B. McCord, H. Y. McSween, S. C. Mest, D. W. Mittlefehldt, S. Mottola, A. Nathues, G. Neukum, D. P. O'Brien, C. M. Pieters, T. H. Prettyman, C. A. Raymond, T. Roatsch, C. T. Russell, P. Schenk, B. E. Schmidt, F. Scholten, K. Stephan, M. V. Sykes, P. Tricarico, R. Wagner, M. T. Zuber, and H. Sierks (2012), Vesta's Shape and Morphology, Science, 336 (6082), 687-690, DOI: 10.1126/science.1219122.

Pieters, C. M., E. Ammannito, D. T. Blewett, B. W. Denevi, M. C. De Sanctis, M. J. Gaffey, L. Le Corre, J. Y. Li, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, D. W. Mittlefehldt, A. Nathues, E. Palmer, V. Reddy, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2012), Distinctive space weathering on Vesta from regolith mixing processes, Nature, 491 (7422), 79-82, DOI: 10.1038/nature11534.

Pieters, C. M., E. Ammannito, D. T. Blewett, B. W. Denevi, M. C. De Sanctis, M. J. Gaffey, L. Le Corre, J. Y. Li, S. Marchi, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, D. W. Mittlefehldt, A. Nathues, E. Palmer, V. Reddy, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell (2012), Distinctive space weathering on Vesta from regolith mixing processes, Nature, 491 (7422), 79-82, DOI: 10.1038/nature11534.

Reddy, V., L. Le Corre, D. P. O'Brien, A. Nathues, E. A. Cloutis, D. D. Durda, W. F. Bottke, M. U. Bhatt, D. Nesvorny, D. Buczkowski, J. E. C. Scully, E. M. Palmer, H. Sierks, P. J. Mann, K. J. Becker, A. W. Beck, D. Mittlefehldt, J.-Y. Li, R. Gaskell, C. T. Russell, M. J. Gaffey, H. Y. McSween, T. B. McCord, J.-P. Combe, and D. Blewett (2012), Delivery of dark material to Vesta via carbonaceous chondritic impacts, Icarus, 221 (2), 544-559, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.011.

Schenk, P., D. P. O'Brien, S. Marchi, R. Gaskell, F. Preusker, T. Roatsch, R. Jaumann, D. Buczkowski, T. McCord, H. Y. McSween, D. Williams, A. Yingst, C. Raymond, and C. Russell (2012), The Geologically Recent Giant Impact Basins at Vesta's South Pole, Science, 336 (6082), 694-697, DOI: 10.1126/science.1223272.

Cheek, L. C., C. M. Pieters, J. W. Boardman, R. N. Clark, J.-P. Combe, J. W. Head III, P. J. Isaacson, T. B. McCord, D. Moriarty, J. W. Nettles, N. E. Petro, J. M. Sunshine, and L. A. Taylor (2011), Goldschmidt crater and the Moon's north polar region: Results from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3), Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 116, E00G02, 15 pp., DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003702.

Coradini, A., F. Capaccioni, S. Erard, G. Arnold, M. C. De Sanctis, G. Filacchione, F. Tosi, M. A. Barucci, M. T. Capria, E. Ammannito, D. Grassi, G. Piccioni, S. Giuppi, G. Bellucci, J. Benkhoff, J. P. Bibring, A. Blanco, M. Blecka, D. Bockelee-Morvan, F. Carraro, R. Carlson, U. Carsenty, P. Cerroni, L. Colangeli, M. Combes, M. Combi, J. Crovisier, P. Drossart, E. T. Encrenaz, C. Federico, U. Fink, S. Fonti, L. Giacomini, W. H. Ip, R. Jaumann, E. Kuehrt, Y. Langevin, G. Magni, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, S. Mottola, G. Neukum, V. Orofino, P. Palumbo, U. Schade, B. Schmitt, F. Taylor, D. Tiphene, and G. Tozzi (2011), The Surface Composition and Temperature of Asteroid 21 Lutetia As Observed by Rosetta/VIRTIS, Science, 334 (6055), 492-494, DOI: 10.1126/science.1204062.

Green, R. O., C. M. Pieters, P. Mouroulis, M. Eastwood, J. W. Boardman, T. Glavich, P. Isaacson, M. Annadurai, S. Besse, D. Barr, B. J. Buratti, D. Cate, A. Chatterjee, R. N. Clark, L. C. Cheek, J.-P. Combe, D. Dhingra, V. Essandoh, S. Geier, J. N. Goswami, R. Green, V. Haemmerle, J. W. Head III, L. Hovland, S. Hyman, R. L. Klima, T. Koch, G. Y. Kramer, A. S. K. Kumar, K. Lee, S. Lundeen, E. Malaret, T. B. McCord, S. McLaughlin, J. F. Mustard, J. W. Nettles, N. E. Petro, C. Plourde, C. Racho, J. Rodriguez, C. J. Runyon, G. Sellar, C. Smith, H. Sobel, M. Staid, J. M. Sunshine, L. A. Taylor, K. G. Thaisen, S. Tompkins, H. Tseng, G. Vane, P. Varanasi, M. L. White, and D. Wilson (2011), The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) imaging spectrometer for lunar science: Instrument description, calibration, on-orbit measurements, science data calibration and on-orbit validation, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, DOI: 10.1029/2011JE003797.

Kramer, G. Y., S. Besse, D. Dhingra, J. W. Nettles, R. L. Klima, I. Garrick-Bethell, R. N. Clark, J.-P. Combe, J. W. Head III, L. A. Taylor, C. M. Pieters, J. W. Boardman, and T. B. McCord (2011), M3 spectral analysis of lunar swirls and the link between optical maturation and surface hydroxyl formation at magnetic anomalies, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 116 (E00G18), 20 pp., DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003729.

Kramer, G. Y., S. Besse, J. W. Nettles, J.-P. Combe, R. N. Clark, C. M. Pieters, M. Staid, E. Malaret, J. W. Boardman, R. O. Green, J. W. Head III, and T. B. McCord (2011), Newer Views of the Moon: Comparing Spectra from Clementine and the Moon Mineralogy Mapper, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 116, E00G04, 11 pp., DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003728.

Kramer, G. Y., J.-P. Combe, E. M. Harnett, B. R. Hawke, S. K. Noble, D. T. Blewett, T. B. McCord, and T. A. Giguere (2011), Characterization of lunar swirls at Mare Ingenii: A model for space weathering at magnetic anomalies, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (E04008), DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003669.

Pieters, C. M., S. Besse, J. W. Boardman, B. J. Buratti, L. C. Cheek, R. N. Clark, J.-P. Combe, J. N. Dhingra, J. N. Goswami, R. O. Green, J. W. Head III, P. Isaacson, R. Klima, G. Y. Kramer, S. Lundeen, E. Malaret, T. B. McCord, J. F. Mustard, J. W. Nettles, N. E. Petro, C. J. Runyon, M. Staid, J. M. Sunshine, L. A. Taylor, K. G. Thaisen, S. Tompkins, and J. Whitten (2011), Mg-Spinel Lithology: A New Rock-type on the Lunar Farside, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, E00G08, DOI: 10.1029/2010JE003727.

Pieters, C. M., L. A. McFadden, T. H. Prettyman, M. C. De Sanctis, T. B. McCord, T. Hiroi, R. L. Klima, J.-Y. Li, and R. Jaumann (2011), Surface Composition of Vesta: Issues and Integrated Approach, Space Science Reviews, 163 (1-4), 117-139, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-011-9809-5.

Castillo-Rogez, J. C., and T. B. McCord (2010), Ceres' evolution and present state constrained by shape data, Icarus, 205 (2), 443-459, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.04.008.

Coradini, A., D. Grassi, F. Capaccioni, G. Filacchione, F. Tosi, E. Ammannito, M. C. De Sanctis, V. Formisano, P. Wolkenberg, G. Rinaldi, G. Arnold, M. A. Barucci, G. Bellucci, J. Benkhoff, J.-P. Bibring, A. Blanco, D. Bockelee-Morvan, M. T. Capria, R. Carlson, U. Carsenty, P. Cerroni, L. Colangeli, M. Combes, M. Combi, J. Crovisier, P. Drossart, T. Encrenaz, S. Erard, C. Fedrico, U. Fink, S. Fonti, W. H. Ip, P. G. J. Irwin, R. Jaumann, E. Kuehrt, Y. Langevin, G. Magni, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, S. Mottola, G. Neukum, V. Orofino, P. Palumbo, G. Piccioni, H. Rauer, B. Schmitt, D. Tiphene, F. W. Taylor, and G. P. Tozzi (2010), Martian Atmosphere as Observed by VIRTIS-M on Rosetta Spacecraft, Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 115, E04004, DOI: 10.1029/2009JE003345.

Cruikshank, D. P., A. W. Meyer, R. H. Brown, R. C. Clark, R. Jaumann, K. Stephan, C. A. Hibbitts, S. A. Sandford, R. M. E. Mastrapa, G. Filacchione, C. M. Dalle Ore, P. D. Nicholson, B. J. Buratti, T. B. McCord, R. M. Nelson, J. B. Dalton, K. H. Baines, and D. L. Matson (2010), Carbon Dioxide on the satellites of Saturn: Results from the Cassini VIMS investigation and revisions to the VIMS wavelength scale, Icarus, 206 (2), 561-572, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.07.012.

Dalton, J. B., D. P. Cruikshank, K. Stephan, T. B. McCord, A. Coustenis, R. W. Carlson, and A. Coradini (2010), Chemical Composition of Icy Satellite Surfaces, in Satellites of the Outer Solar System, edited by O. Grasset, et al., pp. 111-152, Springer, New York, NY.

Dalton, J. B., D. P. Cruikshank, K. Stephan, T. B. McCord, A. Coustenis, R. W. Carlson, and A. Coradini (2010), Chemical Composition of Icy Satellite Surfaces, Space Science Reviews, 153 (1-4), 113-154, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-010-9665-8.

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Jaumann, R., R. H. Brown, K. Stephan, J. W. Barnes, L. A. Soderblom, C. Sotin, S. Le Mouélic, R. N. Clarke, J. Soderblom, B. J. Buratti, R. Wagner, T. B. McCord, S. Rodriguez, K. H. Baines, D. P. Cruikshank, P. D. Nicholoson, C. A. Griffith, and M. Langhans (2008), Fluvial erosion and post-erosional processes on Titan, Icarus, 197 (2), 526-538, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2008.06.002.

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Hansen, G. B., and T. B. McCord (2007), Widespread CO2 and other non-ice compounds on the anti-Jovian and trailing sides of Europa from Galileo/NIMS observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (L0 1202), DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031748.

Jaumann, R., G. Neukum, T. Behnke, T. C. Duxbury, K. Eichentopf, J. Flohrer, S. van Gasselt, B. Giese, K. Gwinner, E. Hauber, H. Hoffmann, A. Hoffmeister, U. Kohler, K. Matz, T. B. McCord, V. Mertens, J. Oberst, R. Pischel, D. Reiss, E. Ress, T. Roatsch, P. Saiger, F. Scholten, G. Schwarz, K. Stephan, M. Wahlisch, and The HRSC Co-Investigator Team (2007), The high-resolution stereo camera (HRSC) experiment on Mars Express: Instrument aspects and experiment conduct from interplanetary cruise through the nominal mission, Planetary and Space Science, 55 (7-8), 928-952, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2006.12.003.

Jaumann, R., C. T. Russell, A. Coradini, M. C. De Sanctis, W. C. Feldman, U. Keller, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, S. Mottola, C. M. Pieters, T. H. Prettyman, C. A. Raymond, H. Sirks, D. E. Smith, M. V. Sykes, M. T. Zuber, and The Dawn Science Team (2007), DAWN: Eine Reise Zu Den Anfangen Des Sonnensystems.

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Russell, C. T., F. Capaccioni, A. Coradini, M. C. De Sanctis, W. C. Feldman, R. Jaumann, H. U. Keller, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, S. Mottola, C. Pieters, T. H. Prettyman, C. A. Raymond, M. V. Sykes, D. E. Smith, and M. T. Zuber (2007), Dawn Mission to Vesta and Ceres: Symbiosis between terrestrial observations and robotic exploration, Earth, Moon, Planet, 101, 65-, DOI: 10.1007/s11038-007-9151-9.

Soderblom, L. A., R. L. Kirk, J. I. Lunine, J. A. Anderson, K. H. Baines, J. W. Barnes, J. M. Barrett, R. H. Brown, B. J. Buratti, R. N. Clark, D. P. Cruikshank, C. Elachi, M. A. Janssen, R. Jaumann, E. Karkoschka, S. Le Mouélic, R. M. Lopes, R. D. Lorenz, T. B. McCord, P. D. Nicholson, J. Radebaugh, B. Rizk, C. Sotin, E. R. Stofan, T. L. Sucharski, M. G. Tomasko, and S. D. Wall (2007), Correlations between Cassini VIMS spectra and RADAR SAR images: Implications for Titan's surface composition and the character of the Huygens probe landing site, Planetary and Space Science, 55 (13), 2025-2036, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2007.04.014.

Brown, R. H., K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, B. J. Buratti, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, R. N. Clark, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, N. Baugh, C. A. Griffith, G. B. Hansen, C. A. Hibbitts, T. W. Momary, and M. R. Showalter (2006), Observations in the Saturn system during approach and orbital insertion, with Cassini's Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS), Astronomy & Astrophysics, 446 (2), 707-716, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20053054.

Brown, R. H., R. N. Clark, B. J. Buratti, D. P. Cruikshank, J. W. Barnes, R. M. E. Mastrapa, J. Bauer, S. Newman, T. Momary, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, M. Combes, A. Coradini, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, and C. Sotin (2006), Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface, Science, 311 (5766), 1425-1428, DOI: 10.1126/science.1121031.

Buratti, B. J., C. Sotin, R. H. Brown, M. D. Hicks, R. N. Clark, J. A. Mosher, T. B. McCord, R. Jaumann, K. H. Baines, P. D. Nicholson, T. W. Momary, D. p. Simonelli, and B. Sicardy (2006), Titan: Preliminary results on surface properties and photometry from VIMS observations of the early flybys, Planetary and Space Science, 54 (15), 1498-1509, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2006.06.015.

Jaumann, R., K. Stephan, R. H. Brown, B. J. Buratti, R. N. Clark, T. B. McCord, A. Coradini, F. Capaccioni, G. Filacchione, P. Cerroni, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, M. Combes, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, M. L. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, L. A. Soderblom, C. A. Griffith, K. Matz, T. Roatsch, F. Scholten, and C. C. Porco (2006), High-resolution CASSINI-VIMS mosaics of Titan and the icy Saturnian satellites, Planetary and Space Science, 54 (12), 1146-1155, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2006.05.034.

Nelson, R. M., R. H. Brown, B. W. Hapke, W. D. Smythe, L. W. Kamp, M. Boryta, F. E. Leader, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J. P. Bibring, B. J. Buratti, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, R. N. Clark, M. Combes, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, R. Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, and C. Sotin (2006), Photometric properties of Titan's surface from Cassini VIMS: Relevance to Titan's hemispherical albedo dichotomy and surface stability, Planetary and Space Science, 54 (15), 1540-1551, DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2006.06.014.

Rodriguez, S., S. Le Mouélic, C. Sotin, H. Clenet, R. N. Clark, B. J. Buratti, R. H. Brown, T. B. McCord, P. D. Nicholson, and K. H. Baines (2006), Cassini/VIMS hyperspectral observations of the HUYGENS landing site on Titan, Planetary and Space Science, 54 (15), 1510-1523, DOI: 10.1016/J.PSS.2006.06.016.

Russell, C. T., F. Capaccioni, A. Coradini, U. Christensen, M. C. De Sanctis, W. C. Feldman, R. Jaumann, H. U. Keller, A. S. Konopliv, T. B. McCord, L. A. McFadden, H. Y. McSween, S. Mottola, G. Neukum, C. Pieters, T. H. Prettyman, C. A. Raymond, D. E. Smith, M. V. Sykes, B. Williams, and M. T. Zuber (2006), Dawn Discovery mission to Vesta and Ceres: Present status, Advances in Space Research, 38 (9), 2043 - 2048, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2004.12.041.

Russell, C. T., C. Sotin, L. A. McFadden, T. B. McCord, and P. C. Thomas (2006), Ceres, Vesta and Pallas: Protoplanets, not Asteroids, EOS Trans. AGU, 87 (10), 105-109, DOI: 10.1029/2006EO100002.

Spencer, J. R., W. M. Grundy, C. Dumas, R. W. Carlson, T. B. McCord, G. B. Hansen, and R. J. Terrile (2006), The nature of Europa's dark non-ice surface material: Spatially-resolved high spectral resolution spectroscopy from the Keck telescope, Icarus, 182 (1), 202-210, DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2005.12.024.

Baines, K. H., T. W. Momary, B. J. Buratti, D. L. Matson, R. M. Nelson, P. Drossart, B. Sicardy, V. Formisano, G. Bellucci, A. Coradini, C. Griffith, R. H. Brown, J.-P. Bibring, Y. Langevin, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, R. N. Clark, M. Combes, D. P. Cruikshank, R. Jaumann, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, P. D. Nicholson, and C. Sotin (2005), The atmospheres of Saturn and Titan in the near-infrared: First results of Cassini/VIMS, Earth Moon and Planets, 96 (3-4), 119-147, DOI: 10.1007/s11038-005-9058-2.

Barnes, J. W., R. H. Brown, E. P. Turtle, A. S. McEwen, R. D. Lorenz, M. Janssen, E. L. Schaller, M. E. Brown, B. J. Buratti, C. Sotin, C. Griffith, R. Clark, J. Perry, S. Fussner, J. Barbara, R. West, C. Elachi, A. H. Bouchez, H. G. Roe, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, M. Combes, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, P. D. Nicholson, and B. Sicardy (2005), A 5-micron-bright spot on Titan: Evidence for surface diversity, Science, 310 (5745), 92-95, DOI: 10.1126/science.1117075.

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